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Revello

This is a small town that is located at the entrance to the Po Valley, at the foot of one side of the massif that constitutes "Montebracco". It seems that the site was already settled in Roman times because some remains have been discovered on the nearby hill. The village became important for its strategic position and for the imposing defence system during the period of the "Marchesato di Saluzzo". In the well preserved ancient village, there are also some interesting architectural findings; the former marquis's palace was used as a summer residence by the marchioness. You should also visit "La Collegiata", " The Church of St. Stephen" (or Confraternita, whose facade was decorated by Giovanni Borgna), "Palazzo Porporato" (it was the place where Blessed Ancina was hosted during a pastoral visit), "Palazzo della Dogana", "The Church of the Capuchins" (Monastery of Santa Maria Nuova)

Route for the visit to the ancient fortified system
The castle, so called "sottano", included three towers at the time of the Marquises of Saluzzo; in 1810 most of it was demolished. Nowadays it is the premises of the Town Council. On the first floor, "La Cappella Marchionale" is preserved with valuable frescos of the fifteenth century. The ancient roofing of the covered market is still supported by the fifteenth-century columns. The house that belonged to the Marquises is located beside this roofed area, and is characterized by elegant brick decoration.


In this building Blessed Giovenale Ancina, who was the bishop of Saluzzo, stayed during his pastoral visit to Revello. The streets that climb to the "Torre dell'Orologio" (Clock Tower) are flanked by the ancient walls. The door that is called "della Madonnina" is all that remains of the fortified access to the defensive system surrounding the Castle above. "La Torre dell'Orologio" was made by restoring the belltower of the ancient church of Santa Maria.
Inside a small museum is being prepared about the history of the Marchesato. The green area that is equipped and rehabilitated at the foot of the Tower, is surrounded by the remains of other boundary walls, which are partially used as a support of the embankments.

 

If you continue the climb to the Castle above, you will arrive at a flat area that is supported by solid stone (ravelin) masonry, which was an additional defence of the castle. Nowadays the area, named "Piazza d'Armi", is all vineyards. If you look at the vegetation, vegetable gardens and gardens of the hill and if you walk along the ancient roads, you can still see a part of the remains that form the defensive walls, as shown in the print of the Theatrum Sabaudiae.
 

Il The so-called blockhouse (Bramafam) was rebuilt in the sixteenth century on the remains of a previous outpost. It is equipped with a corridor and embrasures, and is placed on top of a spur of the mountain. On the road that leads to the fort, the ancient sanctuary that was erected to pay homage to St. Blaise martyr dominates the prosperous olive grove

If you climb from Via San Leonardo, up the path to the west side of the mountain, you arrive at the site of the Castle above


Perhaps built from the ninth century, subsequent to its demolition in 1642 by means of mines, there are only a few ruins left that are enveloped by the vegetation. The print of the Theatrum Sabaudiae shows it with 3 corner towers, If you go down again to the path of the Castle above, you can set out again and come to the small church of Santa Sofia and then to the "Chapel of San Leonardo". The Carrà road is the ancient road that ran along, by the hillside, the whole east side of Montebracco.
   


Brief historical notes on the nearby Pagno

In 750 the Lombard king Astolfo started construction of the monastery of Pagno. A walled-in gravestone in the nearby abbatial church reminds us that a Lombard queen and her daughter Beatrice lived here. The spirituality of the place and the high number of monks who lived there (the most cautious historical sources estimate them at about 300) in a short time were to make it one of the most important religious and cultural centres. Around the year 1000, hordes of Saracens laid waste the region, they also destroyed the monastery, but Adelaide who was the marchioness of Susa and Turin had it rebuilt twenty years later as the seat of priorship in Pagno. During the glorious centuries of the "Marchesato di Saluzzo" the priors of Pagno also contributed to drawing up the most important pages of the local history, until 1764, when a papal bull established the end of the annexation to the diocese of Saluzzo. The eleventh-century Abbatial Church of S. Pietro and Colombano conceals in its interior, in addition to the famous Lombard crypt, some of the Flemish Hans Klemer's frescos and some frescos of the eleventh and fourteenth centuries. The recent archeological excavation campaigns are bringing to light new and unexpected historical evidence of its noble past; they have been effected by the "Soprintendenza per L' Archeologia" of Piedmont inside the park


La facciata attuale della Chiesa Abbaziale di S. Pietro e Colombano

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